By Frajzyngier, Zygmunt
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Additional info for A Grammar of Hdi
Thus the word zwän 'child', probably derived from zuän, is sometimes pronounced zorj. (84) markw ä tan wife GEN 3PL —> [märkwätän] and [markotarj] 'his wife' (The third-person plural rather than singular pronoun is a polite form. 9. Glide metathesis Two types of metathesis have been observed. In one the labial glide moves from word-final position to penultimate position. The following variants of the word for 'chicken, hen, rooster' have all been obtained in isolation: ghätäläkw, ghätäläuk, ghätalok.
Various combinations of the two categories may result in the representation of an event as being [+source oriented, -goal oriented], [+goal oriented, +source oriented], or [+goal oriented, -source oriented]. Depending on the inherent meaning of the verb, these various representations of the event allow for the interpretation of various 2. Typological characteristics of Hdi 7 arguments as [+affected, +control], [+control, -affected]. Subject control is coded by the point-of-view-of-goal marker a, subject affectedness is coded by the point-of-view-of-source marker u.
Vowel rounding The high vowel becomes round when followed by the round glide within the same morpheme or across a morpheme boundary within the same phrase. The following rule accounts for this process: Rule 8: V[+high] -^ [+round] / w. It is not possible to determine whether the vowel that becomes round is underlyingly front or schwa. Given the fact that the final non-grammatical vowels are deleted in phrase-internal position (cf. 7 below), and that schwa is inserted for syllabification, the examples below may represent equally well the rounding of the front high or central high vowel: (48) xadu wä lack water NBG 'there is no water* -> [xäcfimuwä] (49) xäni wä -> [xänuwä] sleep NBG 'he does not sleep' 5.