By Maria Lucia Kawasaki
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Aphids are recognized as pests of agriculture, horticulture and forestry, yet also they are some of the most biologically attention-grabbing teams of plant-feeding bugs, and hence have attracted the eye of biologists in lots of learn fields akin to ecology, biodiversity, body structure, behaviour and genetics.
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The planting makes them an asset to the local environment while emphasizing their sculptural form (Munchen Gladbach, Germany). Plates 1, 2 and 3 Planting design makes an essential contribution to an environment fit for living (housing court, Sheffield, UK; Birchwood Boulevard Technology Park, Warrington, UK, and city street, Singapore). Plate 5 Tree planting integrates and complements structures at the Paul Piggot Memorial Corridor, Seattle, USA. 5 6 The Planting Design Handbook (2nd edition) Plate 6 Planting helps to create an environment suitable for children’s play by providing a comfortable microclimate, the sense of special place, and plenty of robust trees and shrubs for climbing, swinging and imaginative play (Warrington, UK).
6a Large-scale structure planting of woodland belts creates a framework for various land uses. 6b Small-scale structure planting of trees, shrubs and hedges creates spaces for various people and uses. Creating spaces is sometimes described as an ‘architectural’ function of plants (for example, Booth, 1983; Robinette, 1972). This is helpful to the extent that it encourages us to see plants as structural, space-forming elements in the environment – elements that can create ‘outdoor rooms’, tree-lined squares, avenues and so on – but it is a somewhat limiting analogy.
With landscape and planting design we aim to create an environment which can help people to live fulfilling and enjoyable lives. The pleasure of a lovingly tended garden or of contact with wild plants can contribute a lot to our daily well-being and foster a genuine recreation of the spirit. What is Successful Planting Design? We have identified three main purposes of planting design: functional, ecological and aesthetic. The extent to which a design serves these purposes can be used to judge its success.