By David M. Brodzinsky, Adam Pertman

The perform of adoption has replaced dramatically during the last part century, with profound implications for kids and households. possibly the main notable and debatable transformation in this time has been the turning out to be willingness of adoption execs to put young ones with sexual-minority contributors and undefined. but, regardless of huge examine exhibiting that lesbians and homosexual males could make strong mom and dad, they proceed to adventure problems and obstacles in lots of elements of the rustic of their efforts to undertake and lift kids. certainly, whereas growth during this quarter has been major, it's been impeded by means of the homophobia and heterosexist attitudes of adoption execs and the judiciary; by means of quite a few stereotypes and misconceptions approximately parenting via lesbians and homosexual males, and via an absence of sufficient instructions and coaching for developing most sensible perform criteria in operating with this quickly transforming into team of adoptive parents.Adoption by way of Lesbians and homosexual males explores the gamut of ancient, felony, sociological, mental, social casework, and private matters on the topic of adoption via sexual-minority participants and undefined. prime specialists in a number of fields address--and usually shatter--the controversies, myths, and misconceptions hindering efforts through those members to undertake and lift childrens. What makes this booklet all of the extra beneficial is that it presents insights and particular thoughts for setting up empirically verified top practices for operating with a tremendous region of our society, for treating all potential and present mom and dad rather and both, and, might be most significantly, for expanding a nonetheless mostly untapped source for delivering households for kids who want them.

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Adoption by Lesbians and Gay Men: A New Dimension in Family Diversity

The perform of adoption has replaced dramatically during the last part century, with profound implications for kids and households. probably the main notable and debatable transformation in this time has been the transforming into willingness of adoption execs to put childrens with sexual-minority participants and undefined.

Extra resources for Adoption by Lesbians and Gay Men: A New Dimension in Family Diversity

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In Michigan, joint adoption by same-sex partners is prohibited, but there is no express prohibition against second-parent adoption, although at least one judge has moved to block it. In Colorado, legal statute permits second-parent adoption, but there is no case law on joint adoption. North Carolina’s statute bars joint adoption to those who are unmarried, but has allowed second-parent adoption at the trial court level. In addition, Florida, Nebraska, Ohio, Utah, and Wisconsin have ruled that existing second-parent or “stepparent” adoption laws do not apply to same-sex couples (Human Rights Campaign, 2009a).

Gay and lesbian people have always raised children, but until fairly recently they did so quietly, so it is impossible to know exactly how common this was in the past. The implications of gay and lesbian adoption need to be understood in the broader context of the psychology of family formation, which examines desires, intentions, and actions taken to become parents. A stereotype held by many people is that sexual minority individuals do not wish to bear and/or raise children. Yet research suggests that this stereotype is wrong.

One element of these standards was the search for the “normal” family. ” What would “normal” mean? “Normality is something that is hard to define, yet easy to feel and see. In it is assumed a wider range of behavior and attitude, not a narrowly fixed concept” (quoted in Carp, 2002). In fact, normality had a specific meaning: The normal family consisted of the traditional biological unit of mother, father, and child(ren). Adoption agencies worked diligently to replicate this traditional form. They could not, of course, make the adoptive family biological, but they could do the next best thing: create the appearance of biology.

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