By Jarita Holbrook, R. Thebe Medupe, Johnson O. Urama

Astronomy is the technology of learning the sky utilizing telescopes and lightweight creditors resembling photographic plates or CCD detectors. despite the fact that, humans have regularly studied the sky and proceed to review the sky with out assistance from tools this is often the area of cultural astronomy. this is often the 1st scholarly number of articles concerned about the cultural astronomy of Africans. It weaves jointly astronomy, anthropology, and Africa. the quantity contains African myths and legends concerning the sky, alignments to celestial our bodies came across at archaeological websites and at areas of worship, rock artwork with celestial imagery, and clinical considering printed in neighborhood astronomy traditions together with ethnomathematics and the construction of calendars. Authors contain astronomers Kim Malville, Johnson Urama, and Thebe Medupe; archaeologist Felix Chami, and geographer Michael Bonine, and lots of new authors. As an rising subfield of cultural astronomy, African cultural astronomy researchers are involved in education scholars in particular for doing learn in Africa. the 1st a part of the amount includes classes and workouts to assist the start scholar of African cultural astronomy. integrated are routines in archaeoastronomy, cultural anthropology, and naked-eye astronomy penned via authors who use those on a regular basis use those tools for his or her learn. This selection of classes and study papers presents a origin for the cultural astronomy researcher drawn to doing paintings in Africa.

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Key Informants are better disposed for in-depth interview since they are quite knowledgeable in the focus of the research. In-depth interview yields more information than a general survey which picks respondents or informants at random. It is quite necessary in various forms of researches and it is better addressed when the researcher builds intimate relationships with the Key Informants. This form of interview requires more probing and prompting and more exhaustive cross questioning than general interview.

Consequently, seasons are determined by rainfall. However, there are temperate climates in the Mediterranean areas of northern Africa and in the southern and south-western parts of Cape Province in South Africa, and in some of the higher areas of the interior plateaus. Oceanic influences are generally restricted especially on the western sides of the continent where the effect of the cold Benguela current, flowing towards the Equator is very limited. The warm currents of the Indian Ocean have more marked effects over larger areas, and from them, warm humid air sometimes penetrates far inland.

It is only in the last few centuries that the star we know as Polaris has been close enough to be useful for determining true north. 5. Theodolite: If you can get access to a theodolite, some of these measurements of true north-south can be made more precisely, such as the location of polaris or a distant GPS. High precision can be achieved by measuring the position of Polaris or a person holding a GPS at a distance of several miles. Fig. 10 Changing position of the north celestial pole from 4000 BC to AD 3000 48 J.

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