By Hamid Ouali
This ebook provides a learn of assorted vital elements of Tamazight Berber syntax in the generative culture. >
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Additional resources for Agreement, Pronominal Clitics and Negation in Tamazight Berber: A Unified Analysis (Continuum Studies In Theoretical Linguistics)
3p "They will be leaving" 54 Agreement, Pronominal Clitics and Negation The interpretation of the second tense head is dependent on the matrix tense, which is deictic. I assume that the ungrammaticality of the Tarifit example in (65) is not due to the presence of a second T head in the embedded domain but to selectional restrictions. The non-finite auxiliary ad does not select a verb in the perfective aspectual form. To summarize, complex tense in Berber is expressed by using both a tense affix and the copula BE together with another tense affix and the main verb.
Ad must co-occur with a verb in the aorist form: (22) ad iddu. sg-leaveAOR "He will leave" (Boukhris 1998: 94) 44 Agreement, Pronominal Clitics and Negation (23) *ad idda. PER "*He will left" b. " However, she states that this is less frequent in the Zemmour dialect described in her work. (24) ad iddu. sg-leaveAOR "He will leave" I find examples with described here. (Boukhris 1998: 94) ao and without d to be ungrammatical in the dialect (25) *ao iddu. sg-leaveAOR "He will leave" c. Boukhris (1998) states that alJ can be preceded by the morpheme dwhich she claims is a focus marker.
The Matrix tense can either be Future or Past and cannot be Present. The following summarizes the templates of complex tense: Tamazight Verb Morphology and Clause Structure 55 (73) Templates of Future and Past complex tenses: Matrix FUT-BE-IMP PAST-BE-PER -E -E Embedded PRES-V-IMP PAST-V-PERF FUT-V-IMP PRES-V-IMP PAST-V-PERF FUT-V-IMP -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 Future Progressive (67) Future Perfective ( 68) Future in theFutur (69) Past (Perfective) Progressive (70) Past Perfective (71) Future in the past (72) Having argued that complex tense sentences are hi-clausal I will next discuss what sets them apart from other biclausal sentences like ECM constructions.