By Jung-yao Lu
The comparative research of ancient linguistics makes a speciality of reconstructing historic styles in accordance with diachronic files and typological info from numerous languages or dialects in a language crew. the last word objective of the comparative reconstruction which calls for major cross-linguistic commentary and theoretical reasoning is to illustrate the historic means of language alterations. This publication considers the diachronic improvement of either the chinese and the Naxi language, focusing really upon six contentious linguistic matters which are linked to numerous linguistic alterations in so much components of the grammar of those languages, together with phonological alterations, semantic adjustments, syntactic adjustments, and contact-induced alterations. those linguistic matters are: tonal splits in proto-checked syllables and subgrouping of Loloish; the semantic improvement of go back in chinese language; the semantic improvement of soak up chinese language; the improvement of agentive passive markers in convinced dialects of chinese language; definiteness and nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in chinese language; and the advance of nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in Naxi. This quantity offers new equipment and views in which those concerns might be analyzed and resolved at the foundation of typological and diachronic facts. It makes use of cross-linguistic facts from chinese language and the Tibeto-Burman languages on the way to reconstruct numerous diachronic advancements in chinese language and Naxi.
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Extra resources for An Investigation of Various Linguistic Changes in Chinese and Naxi
It is of special interest that the tonal flip-flop in Chinese dialects most often occurs with checked syllables (1986:169). 3. 4. The *checked syllable with voiceless initial in dialects of Wu Suzhou 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 pen (ㅄ) peel () pick (᪈) bamboo (ㄩ) color (㢢) snow (䴚) rule (ቪ) 8 9 10 holiday (㢲) pigeon (呭) horn (䀂) 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 Wuxi 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 Shanghai 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 Wenzhou 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 23 The pattern of tonal “flip-flop” occurs in the dialects of Hakka and Min. 18 In the Min dialect of Xiamen ( 䰘 ), the *voiced root-initial syllables are under the high-checked tone ; the *voiceless root-initial syllables are under the mid-falling checked tone .
It appears that those languages, which were defined as the Lolo-Burmese family by Li, or as the Loloish branch by Chen, rely completely on their lexical affinity. However, as far as I know, the researchers did not explain their methodologies regarding lexical affinity among those languages and usually did not provide overall cognate sets to support their hypotheses. But it is not difficult to ascertain their attitudes concerning the genetic relationship between Naxi and *L. Chen (1993:26) points out that Naxi is certainly a Loloish language (cf.
18 below shows that the two-way split corresponding to the *checked syllables in Naxi was regularly conditioned by the voiced/voiceless contrast of the root-initial consonant. Therefore, the voiceless initial in *checked syllables has developed into a high-level tone ; and the voiced initial in *checked syllables has developed into a mid-falling tone  in modern Naxi. However, based on my analysis, Naxi could have applied a “flip-flop” pattern corresponding to its 34 Chapter Two *checked syllables.