By Martin L. Yarmush

Show description

Read or Download Biotechnology for Biomedical Engineers PDF

Similar biotechnology books

Downstream Processing of Proteins: Methods and Protocols (Methods in Biotechnology)

Massive time and effort is allotted to introducing cellphone tradition and fermentation expertise to undergraduate scholars in academia, commonly via a number classes in commercial biotechnology and similar disciplines. equally, loads of textbooks can be found to explain the appli- tions of those applied sciences in undefined.

Environmental Biotechnology - Theory and Application

Biotechnology has come to play an more and more vital position in lots of elements of way of life. as soon as a pricey and mostly surprising alternative, it has now develop into a pragmatic replacement to many confirmed methods for production, land remediation, toxins keep watch over and waste administration. the applying of biologically-engineered strategies to environmental difficulties has turn into way more with no trouble appropriate in precept and biotechnology, normally, extra generally understood, yet there is still a few uncertainty among practitioners concerning how and the place the microscopic, useful point matches into the macroscopic, sensible purposes.

Nanomedicines and nanoproducts : applications, disposition, and toxicology in the human body

Nanomedicines and Nanoproducts: purposes, Disposition, and Toxicology within the Human physique presents an in depth review of the disposition of nanoproducts in the physique, with a different specialize in the breathing and olfactory routes of nanoproduct management, buccal publicity and the ingestion of nanoproducts, the integumentary procedure (formed by way of the outside, hair, nails, and linked glands), the ocular path, the systemic course, and toxicology because it pertains to the nanoscale international.

Additional resources for Biotechnology for Biomedical Engineers

Example text

In humans, there exist two types of memory: short-term and long-term memories. The best way to study any physiologic process in humans, and especially memory, is to study its pathology. The study of amnesia has provided strong evidence distinguishing between these types of memory. Amnesic patients can keep a short list of numbers in mind for several minutes if they pay attention to the task. The difficulty comes when the list becomes longer, especially if the amount to be learned exceeds the brain capacity of what can be held in immediate memory.

The axon makes functional connections with other neurons at synapses on either the cell body, the dendrites, or the axons. There exist two kinds of synapses: excitatory and inhibitory, and as the names imply, they either increase the firing frequency of the postsynaptic neurons or decrease it, respectively. Sensory receptors are specialized cells that, in response to an incoming stimulus, generate a corresponding electrical signal, a graded receptor potential. The receptor potential, then, is the change in intracellular potential relative to the resting potential.

The important of accurate timing of inputs and the maintenance of this timing across several synapses is obvious in sensory pathways of the nervous system. Cells are located next to other cells that have overlapping or adjacent receptor or motor fields. These cells have two major dendritic trees extending from opposite poles of the cell body. One receives synaptic inhibitory input from the ipsilateral cochlear nucleus, the other from the contralateral nucleus that normally is an excitatory input.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.97 of 5 – based on 33 votes