By Firdos Alam Khan

Because the box of scientific biotechnology grows with new items and discoveries, so does the necessity for a holistic view of biotechnology in medication. Biotechnology in scientific Sciences fulfills that desire through supplying a close assessment of scientific biotechnology because it pertains to human illnesses and epidemiology, bacteriology and antibiotics, virology and vaccines, immunology and monoclonal antibodies, recombinant DNA Read more...

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1 Application of microorganisms and viruses in making of medicine using bioreactor and recombinant DNA technology. 2 ​The pioneering experiment conducted by Dr. Alexander Fleming resulted in the discovery of the penicillin drug, an antibiotic drug. other microorganisms. 3) as the most used antibiotic. Currently, a variety of microorganisms have been used to generate thousand liters of antibiotic drugs by using advanced biotechnology tools. The field of biotechnology has taken a leap with the discovery of the double-helix structure of the deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) molecule and the credit goes to one research publication titled “This structure has novel features which are of considerable biological interest” authored by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953, which claimed to discover the structure of the human DNA helix, the molecule that carries genetic information from one generation to the other.

9). 9 ​Embryonic stem cells. Chapter one: Introduction to biotechnology in medical sciences 11 One of the best applications of ESCs is to provide a large supply of required cells to be used as cell-based therapy and tissue replacement in patients who are suffering from degenerative diseases. Moreover, a number of diseases that could possibly be treated by ESCs are cancers, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, blindness, and spinal cord injuries. In contrast to its various therapeutic applications, the issues related to ESCs need to be resolved before making them useful for human use.

Planta 217 (3): 367– 373. 1007/s00425-003-1005-8. PMID 14520563. Sugihara TF 1985. Microbiology of breadmaking. In Microbiology of Fermented Foods, ed. B. Wood, UK: Elsevier Applied Science Publishers. Sunilkumar G, Campbell L, Puckhaber L, Stipanovic R, and Rathore K 2006. Engineering cotton seed for use in human nutrition by tissue-specific reduction of toxic gossypol. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103 (48): 18054–18059. 0605389103. PMID 17110445. Takahashi K and Yamanaka S 2006. Induction of pluripotent stem cells from mouse embryonic and adult fibroblast cultures by defined factors.

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